Falkland Islands United Kingdom Events

The Falkland Islands have been at the centre of a row between Argentina and Britain since Argentina failed to recover from its economic woes. It reached boiling point when Britain announced plans in February this year to start offshore oil drilling on the remote islands. The United Nations, of which Britain is a member, strongly opposed the invasion of the Falkland Islands and supported the UK's position. Despite the objections of the "Argentine invasion" and the "British government," it passed Resolution 502, which called for an end to Argentina's occupation and occupation of all islands and called on both sides to find a diplomatic solution. This Community also supported a United Nations resolution calling on Argentina to withdraw from these islands, but without success.

The Falkland Islands became part of the "Argentine territory" after the British occupied the islands by force. In March, General Galtieri presented his plan and ordered his troops to invade the Falkland Islands on April 2. The commander of the task force was tasked with bringing about the withdrawal of all Argentine troops from the Argentine islands and restoring a "British administration" with minimal loss of life. British forces in South Georgia, which Britain also withdrew and later gave to Argentina, but Britain was able to retake them after 74 days of war.

A garrison of 70 Royal Marines was left behind to prevent Argentina from trying to recapture the Falkland Islands by force. In total, more than 1,000 soldiers, sailors, marines and Royal Navy airmen died in the undeclared war. Three Falkland Islands lost their lives in the ten-week battle, but they were the only people to be displaced by the British since 1833. Three Falkland Islands still live in South Georgia, one of the most remote and remote islands in South America.

The Argentine invasion, so rapid that the local Falkland Islands defenses did not even have time to mobilize, was quickly overrun. On March 31, when it became clear that the Argentine forces intended to seize the Falkland Islands, a group of Royal Marines landed in South Georgia.

On April 1, the British government warned Rex Hunt, the governor of the Falkland Islands, of a possible invasion of Argentina. The British government was informed that the Argentine army could take the islands before dawn the next day.

Margaret Thatcher declared that the democratic rights of the Falkland Islands were being attacked and that they would not be surrendered to "Argentine boots on the ground."

At the end of the war, Britain found itself with a political commitment to the Falkland Islands that had not existed before, but not in the form of military intervention.

Yet Buenos Aires still refuses to give up its claim to territory and continues to push for a peaceful transfer of sovereignty, even though most Falkland Islands consider themselves British, with no interest in joining Argentina. The damage done to bilateral relations between the Falkland Islands and Argentina in recent years, and the way Argentina has tried to construct its geopolitical argument for sovereignty, have made the islanders reluctant to engage in any dialogue. Now Britain could offer Argentina a compromise, but we are clearly no closer to meaningful dialogue than we have been.

Argentine officials who have rightly refused to meet to discuss the islands in the context of the Falkland Islands' special status as UK territory or otherwise.

British soldiers who sacrificed their lives to liberate the islands in 1982 are not responsible. US policy is wrong, and, given that Argentina has called for negotiations on the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands, a referendum should be held to ask the people their views. The United States supports the Falkland Islands' right to self-determination and, as a referendum on the Falkland Islands approaches, should condemn Argentina's aggression and support the referendum in its entirety.

The two central elements of this discussion, if it seems clear, are why the UK accepts Argentina's claims to the islands, and whether Britain has freed them from Argentina or simply recaptured them.

The current political status of the Falkland Islands is that they are an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. If Argentina pursues a more direct policy against them, Britain would likely defend its territory, but other Argentine-inspired actions could threaten or embarrass Britain and its people. This raises the possibility of a conflict between Britain and Argentina over the future of their territories, and possibly points to the potential for further conflicts with Argentina in the near future or with other countries.

As mentioned earlier, one of Guerra de Malvinas' main demands is that Argentina try to reclaim the islands, suggesting that the archipelago was illegally occupied by Britain. He added: "It is not a colony, people feel comfortable in it and the Falkland Islands are treated as colonies by both the Government and the UK. Argentina has based its claim to the Bolivarian Islands on a number of claims that are summarized and refuted in the attached text. Here is a list of all the claims made by each side to Las Malvinaes, as well as the current status of each of them.

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