Falkland Islands United Kingdom Music

Consider the three Falkland Islanders who voted to remain in Britain on Monday in a windswept South Atlantic archipelago. The sovereign nation of Argentina has been fighting for control of the islands since the end of World War II, a chapter in world history that, in the face of international pressure, represents the last gasp of a shrinking British Empire.

The Falklands War had a profound impact on the country, inspiring patriotism in Argentina that eventually led to the overthrow of the ruling military government. A perceived threat from Chile prompted Argentina to retain the Falklands as part of its territorial claims in the South Atlantic and Pacific.

In 1982, this approach culminated in the Falklands conflict, which ultimately cost the lives of 649 Argentines and 255 Britons. In total, more than 1,000 people died in the undeclared war, most of them civilians. The punk band New Model Army, which got its name from one of the most famous military units in Argentina, took a rather critical stance. Six military veterans who appeared in the 1983 play "Minefield" at the Royal Festival Hall in London's West End came from opposite sides.

The Falklands War may have lasted only two - and a half months, but it had a significant impact on British culture, resulting in a slew of books, films, songs, and events. Numerous songs would refer to it in the years after, such as "Falklands," "The Battle of the Falklands" and "Lancaster," and many others.

Of all the songs associated with the Falklands War, arguably the most successful and lasting turned out to be those of the brothers - in - the arms of Dire Straits. The thirteenth track on the 21-track album is a song that makes a devastating mockery of the war effort and treats the country's triumph over the Argentines with great contempt.

The term "Malvinas War" reflects the conflict between Argentina and South Georgia, which was then a dependence of the Falkland Islands. The war was written before the international division of the islands was recognised, and the 1986 film version of "Whoops Apocalypse" featured a number of songs by Dire Straits and other bands from that period. Given that they were in Argentina's possession in 1883, they were undeveloped land under open occupation.

In the 1980s, however, the island experienced the rise of the Argentine military junta, which claimed sovereignty over the island states. The Falklands War began on Friday 2 April 1982 and raged until the Argentine armed forces surrendered on 14 June of that year.

Backed by the United States, which had previously clashed with Argentina over whaling and seal hunting in the area, Britain established the Falkland Islands as an official colony.

Argentina claimed the Falkland Islands, which lie 480 km off the coast of South America, as part of its territory. Britain seized the islands in 1982, expelled the few remaining Argentine occupiers, and has consistently rejected Argentina's claims ever since. British troops returned to the Falkland Islands in 1983 to drive out Argentine officials and reinforce Britain's claim to the island. After the invasion, Britain took possession of both the Falkland Islands and the Malvinas, but it is a legal fact that ownership alone does not legitimise the claim to sovereignty over an area of more than 1.5 million hectares (3.8 million hectares).

If there is one thing that has emerged from the 30th anniversary of the 1982 conflict, it is that the Falkland Islands and the Malvinas are not only a political issue, but also a legal one.

As has already been mentioned, one of Guerra de Malvinas' main demands is that Argentina try to reclaim the islands, suggesting that Britain has illegally occupied the archipelago. This statement was disputed in the past, when Britain, not Argentina, was the country that was "liberated" from the island by conquest. While this seems clear, two central elements of this discussion are why Britain accepts Argentina's claim to the islands: either Britain has liberated them from Argentina or it has simply recaptured them.

Argentine law does not apply to the British overseas territory, the Falkland Islands were seen as a strategic gateway to consolidating British sovereignty over the SGSSI, even though it is not directly affected. The coalition government has strengthened its position on the issue of territorial sovereignty in the South Atlantic, particularly with regard to the islands.

The islands remain a disputed territory between Argentina and Britain dating back some 200 years, including the 1982 war in which hundreds of soldiers from both nations lost their lives. The Falkland Islands themselves are celebrated every year with two public holidays, each falling on a weekend that falls on the weekend before the anniversary of the end of the war with Argentina. There is the 1982 Liberation Monument in Stanley, which was unveiled to more than 1,000 people on 1 October 1982. Yorke Bay, a beach, is inaccessible because it was mined during the Falklands War and is accessible only by boat.

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